There are a few features, or tools common to most browsers ...Let's take a closer look!The Search Box, or Address Bar. Usually the Address Bar and Search bar are unified nowadays, in other words you can enter a direct URL such as "cpwiz.co.uk (Uniform Resource Locator - Web Address 😏) into the bar or a search phrase such as "Computer Wiz".
A Search box within a website such as Google will just give you search results, it won't go directly to the site entered.
Home Button, this pretty much does what it says on the tin... Click the button and wherever you are on the web you'll be taken back to your home page faster than Mr Spock can beam from the Starship Enterprise to the alien planet below.
Back & Forward Buttons, this is how we navigate backwards and forward through web pages on the internet.
Tabs, probably one of the best modern browser innovations. Tabs allow multiple web pages to be open at once in one browser window. For example you could have hotels for your holiday up in one tab and flights and car parking open in other tabs. Open and close tabs as you need them.
Favourites or Bookmarks Bar, (named either, let's go with bookmarks bar) keeps all your bookmarks accessible at the top of your browser window.
That's covered the basic features common to most browsers, the browser you finally decide to settle with will probably be chosen for it's key features, for me I prefer Safari on the Mac because my favourites sync across all of my devices and I love the "Reading List" feature which is kind of a temporary bookmarks feature. See my post on Eco Systems.